Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Shaping Of Our Country - 1092 Words

Celeste Munoz U.S History I to 1876 Mr. William Stowe 28 November 2014 The shaping of our country has been impacted by several different factors, each contributing to it in their own way. Four of the major pivot points that occurred consists of: Jeffersonian democracy, Jacksonian democracy, Civil War/Reconstruction, Revolution/Constitution. However one of them happened to be the most impacting which was the Civil War and Reconstruction. The American Civil War occurred during 1861 to 1865, lasting only five years. America’s bloodiest clash resulting in the death of approximately 620,000 Americans and millions more were injured. In the spring of 1861, the north and south began to rise into conflict over issues like states’ rights. Other conflicts include federal authority, westward expansion and slavery. When Lincoln was elected president in 1860, seven states seceded from the union and they formed the confederate states. After the first shots were fired four more states joined the confederate states. Abraham’s elect ion was the rising point to long debate over the federal and state governments. The war can be viewed in many ways. One as the final violent stages in a conflict of two regions. Another as the breakdown of the political system of the Democratic Party and as the max point of several years of social reform. Or also viewed as the main chapter in America’s racial history. â€Å"The survival of the U.S as one nation was at risk, and the outcome of the warShow MoreRelatedNcoa 12 Domains of Culture Essay653 Words   |  3 Pagesthat sun, and wondered whether it was a rising sun or a setting sun. Now I know it was a rising sun.1 Throughout our lives we have been told of how our country was formed. I am here to tell you about the things the history books and teachers don’t tell you about the freemasons and there shaping of the United States of America. We will start with freemasons an agency that has been shaping history since the building of King Solomon’s temple. 2. George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, BenedictRead MoreA Day Of A Beach Front Attack1045 Words   |  5 Pagesparatroopers who were behind enemy lines. The amount of planning required for such a large scale operation must have been tremendous. Again, great example of sustainment operations and how much both shaping and decisive operations depend on them. Bringing to light a familiar and large scale operation helps our understanding of how and why sustainment operations are necessary. First off, interesting post. I particularly liked the quotes from the different individuals. I thought what they said was interestingRead MoreExample Of Foreign Direct Investment757 Words   |  4 Pages Examples of foreign direct investments in the Sweden Swedish nation is over 60% generation is situated outside. 66% of fares, that implies any impact of outward speculation will definitely be felt through the country economy. the streams of outward venture have been a great deal bigger than internal speculation all through the most recent couple of years. the load of outward FDI was more than 2.5 times that of internal FDI in the mid of 1990s. a great deal more work has been put resources intoRead MoreThe Impact Of British Imperialism On Modern India1244 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction The purpose of this historical inquiry is to analyze to what extent did British Imperialism have an effect on shaping modern India? The main source that will be discussed in this paper is the seventh book of the Spotlight on History Series called The British Raj, which explains the reasons behind the conflicts between the British Empire and Indian nationalism and assess the achievements of a memorable relationship. The whole notion behind imperialismRead MoreHow The Germans Influenced Modern Day Slavery Essay1041 Words   |  5 Pages powerful, and united. I also think that Germany still has lots of power and is still feared today as a torture and powerful country. I think that many people today and maybe even countries think that Germany is a bad country. If you are one of those people, I hope today I can change your mind because Germany is a very intelligent and cool country because without them, our world would be greatly changed. I think Germans influence on slavery and many more things greatly changed people’s perspectiveRead More Shaping Identity Essay839 Words   |  4 Pages Shaping Identity Identity. What is identity? One will say that it is the distinct personality of an individual. Others will say that identity is the behavior of a person in response to their surrounding environment. At certain points of time, some people search for their identity in order to understand their existence in life. In regards, identity is shaped into an individual through the social trials of life that involve family and peers, the religious beliefs by the practice of certain faithsRead MoreShaping Identity840 Words   |  4 PagesShaping Identity Identity. What is identity? One will say that it is the distinct personality of an individual. Others will say that identity is the behavior of a person in response to their surrounding environment. At certain points of time, some people search for their identity in order to understand their existence in life. In regards, identity is shaped into an individual through the social trials of life that involve family and peers, the religious beliefs by the practice of certain faithsRead MoreHow Important Is a Sense of History in Shaping the Future of Singapores Society?1558 Words   |  7 PagesEssay [2007] Qns 6. How important is a sense of history in shaping the future of Singapores society? Singapore is without a doubt, a diversified nation with many different cultures and races. Contrary to the popular belief of difference leading to antagonism, Singapore is perhaps one of the few countries globally to welcome people despite their variable backgrounds and still remain collectively competitive. Indeed, credit is due to Singapores society past or present, had been seen to be shapedRead MoreHow Media Influences Public Opinion Essay1621 Words   |  7 PagesAbstract In our democratic society, mass media is the driving force of public opinion. Media sources such as Internet, newspaper, news-broadcasts, etc, play significant roles in shaping a person’s understanding and perception about the events occurred in our daily lives. As long as the newspapers, internet, network television, etc, continued to be easily accessible to the public, the media will continue to have an influence in shaping its opinions. Factors such as agenda-setting, framing andRead MoreThe Political Ideology That Best Represents My Views1368 Words   |  6 Pages Despite being in a holy place, I spent the duration of my time as a member of the church feeling disconnected from everything, which eventually led to me breaking ties with the church completely. My family’s financial background also helped in shaping my views. When I was younger, my family received financial assistance from the government in the form of CHIPs and food stamps. I was too young to remember how food stamps benefited my family, but I do remember the many ways in which CHIPs helped

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Study Of The Operations Management In Barclays Bank Finance Essay - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 10 Words: 3041 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Finance Essay Type Research paper Did you like this example? Operations management  is an area of business concerned with the production of goods and services, and involves the responsibility of ensuring that  business operations  are  efficient  in terms of using as little resource as needed, and  effective  in terms of meeting customer requirements. It is concerned with managing the process that converts inputs (in the forms of materials, labor and energy) into outputs (in the form of goods and services). Operations traditionally refers to the production of goods and services separately, although the distinction between these two main types of operations is increasingly difficult to make as manufacturers tend to merge product and service offerings. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Study Of The Operations Management In Barclays Bank Finance Essay" essay for you Create order More generally, Operations Management aims to increase the content of value-added activities in any given process. Fundamentally, these value-adding creative activities should be aligned with market opportunity (see  Marketing) for optimal enterprise performance. According to the U.S. Department of Education, Operations Management [is the field concerned with managing and directing] the physical and/or technical functions of a firm or organization, particularly those relating to development, production, and manufacturing. [Operations Management programs typically include] instruction in principles of general management, manufacturing and production systems, plant management, equipment maintenance management, production control, industrial labor relations and skilled trades supervision, strategic manufacturing policy, systems analysis, productivity analysis and cost control, and materials planning. Company Overview Barclays is one of the leading financial services prov iders globally.The company is engaged in retail and commercial banking, credit cards, investment banking, wealth management and investment management services. The companys operations are spread across 50 countries spanning over the Europe, the US, and Africa. It is headquartered in London, United Kingdom and employs about 123,000 people. The company recorded revenues of  £23,492 million in the fiscal year ended December 2007, an increase of 6% over 2006. Operating income in the fiscal year ended December 2007 amounted to  £7,006 million, an increase of 3.5% over 2006. Its revenue growth was due to strong performance from Barclays Capital, Barclays Global Investors, and Barclays wealth. During the fiscal year 2007, its net interest income grew by 5.1% while its net fee and commission income increased by 6.6%. Barclays cost to income ratio favorably declined from 59.8% in 2006 to 58.3% in 2007. However, the net profit fell to  £4,417 million in the fiscal year 2007, a decrease of 3.4% over 2006. The companys total assets registerd double-digit growth of 23.1% to reach  £1,227.36 billion at the end of fiscal year 2007. Barclays Strategy Our strategy Barclays strategy is to achieve good growth through time by diversifying its business base and increasing its presence in markets and segments that are growing rapidly. Build the best bank in the UK Accelerate the growth of global businesses Develop retail and commercial banking activities in selected countries outside the UK Enhance operational excellence. Winning together   achieving collective and individual success Best people   developing talented colleagues to reach their full potential, to ensure Barclays retains a leading position in the global financial services industry Customer and client focus   understanding customers and serving them brilliantly Pioneering   driving new ideas, adding diverse skills and improving operational excellence Trusted   acting with the highest integrity to retain the trust of customers, external stakeholders and colleagues. Barclays Group Chief Executive John Varley said in an op inion piece published on Saturday, 26 June 2010 in the UKs  Daily Telegraph  newspaper: Banks have an obligation to extend credit to households and businesses, enabling them to create growth and jobs it is their prime social purpose. Marketing strategy Barclays Marketing strategy is focused on the customer,their main aim is to attract customer which help the company to grow their market share in quick time with such a fast rate. Their marketing strategy is -Buy to let mortgages are designed for people who invest in the property market by purchasing one or more houses and letting them out to tenants. The importance of this market increased sharply over the last few years. Since 1997, buy-to-let has accounted for four-fifths of the total increase in the number of mortgages outstanding and has seen an 11.1% increase in gross mortgage advances in 2006. Buy-to-let accounted for 9% of the total new loans in 2006 up from 9% in 2003. This market contin ues to be strong, representing approximately 10% of UK gross residential lending in 2006. While the wider mortgage market faltered in 2005, the buy-to-let mortgage market has continued to deliver a resilient performance and reached an impressive  £38.4 billion ($55.6 billion) in gross lending in 2006. Buy-to-let gross advances are expected to reach  £69.1 billion by 2011. While a sound macro-economic environment has contributed to the expansion of the buy-to-let mortgage sector, a number of factors specific to this sector have further boosted supply of and demand for buy-to-let properties. Buy-to-let ranks high in the popularity stakes for investors. Immigration, greater job mobility, growth in the number of households and the rise in the student population has been driving the growth in the buy-to-let market.The company has presence in this segment through Its Woolwich subsidiary. Barclays could leverage its market position, brand strength and distrib ution capacity to further grow in this market. Corporate strategy Extensive network in Europe provides business sustenance Barclays (Barclays) is a leading global financial services provider operating in over 50 countries in Europe, the US, the Middle East, Latin America, Australia, Asia and Africa. Barclays has one of the largest branch networks in the UK with 1,733 branches and an extensive network of cash machines. Barclays customer base exceeds 30 million. Out of this customer base, UK accounts for 15 million retail customers and more than 724,000 business customers in the UK. This platform helped it become one of the leading credit card providers in Europe. Out of the total 19 million card customers, 8.8 million are non-UK customers. Barclays strong UK franchise and network in Europe enable it to become one of the leading global financial services providers.Focus on cost efficiencies ensuring relatively higher profitability Over the past few yea rs, Barclays remained focus on cost optimization and was able to contain its operating costs. The companys productivity as measured by its cost to income ratio improved from 62.1% in 2005 to 58% in 2009. A major part of the productivity gain can be attributed to control of underlying costs within GRCB and a reduction in the compensation to income ratio within Barclays Capital to 38% (2008: 44%). In the previous years, the improvement in cost to income ratio at Barclays UK banking helped the company to reduce operating costs. As a result, the company was able to increase its operating income and net income by high double digit margins in 2009. Focused control over costs enables the company to continually post reasonably higher profits relative to its peers even in difficult global financial conditions. Ability to lend amidst reduced balance sheet size At the end of 2009 Barclays balance sheet was reduced to one third of its size at the end of 2008. The majority of t his came from a decrease in derivative assets. The reduction in loans and advances was largely in Barclays Capital, especially in relation to financial institutions. Adjusted gross leverage improved from 28 times in FY2008 to 20 times in FY2009. At the end of 2009, risk weighted assets at Barclays were reduced by 12% to  £383 billion ($610 billion), with the bulk of that reduction coming from Barclays Capital. Core Tier 1 Ratio almost doubled to 10% and Tier 1 ratio reached 13% as the company retained earnings of  £9.6 billion. Despite reduction in the size of the balance sheet, Barclays was still able to extend  £35 billion ($55.7 billion) of new loans in the UK during 2009. The companys ability to lend amidst resource constraints helps it to maintain a profitable business run-rate. Internation Business Machine(IBM) COMPANY OVERVIEW International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is the worlds largest information technology company, engaged in providing business, technology and consulting services. It offers a variety of services ranging from business transformation consulting to software, hardware, fundamental research, financing and the component technologies.The company operates in 170 countries across the world.The company is headquartered in Armonk, New York, and employs about 398,460 people. The company recorded revenues of $103,630 million during the financial year ended December 2008 (FY2008), an increase of 4.9% over 2007. The operating profit of the company was $17,091 million in FY2008, an increase of 18.1% over 2007. Its net profit was $12,334 million in FY2008, an increase of 18.4% over 2007. IBM strategy Marketing Startegy Growing demand for cloud services The worldwide demand for cloud computing services is forecast to record strong growth in coming years . Cloud computing is a computing infrastructure model which enables delivery of software as a service (SaaS). This reduces the upfront royalty or licensing payments, investment in hardware and other operating expenses. As result of its benefits, the cloud services market is forecast to grow by over 20% in 2009 to cross a value of $55 billion. Further, this market is forecast to record a CAGR of 22% to reach value of $150 billion by 2013. IBM has been expanding its presence in this market in recent years. In October 2008, the company introduced cloud computing services for businesses of all sizes in November 2008. Through these services, IBM applies its industry-specific consulting expertise and technology to offer services to companies in public, private and hybrid cloud models. Subsequently, in December 2008, IBM introduced its cloud service for Web conferencing, Lotus Sametime Unyte 8.2 (www.sametimeunyte.com). In January 2009, it introduced LotusLive , a cloud-based portfolio of social networking and collaboration services designed for business. In April 2009, it introduced two new products that allow customers extend their investment in service-oriented architecture (SOA) into a cloud services environment. These new offerings enable creation of application environments that can be deployed and managed in a private cloud. Subsequently, in May 2009, Hubspan, a provider of business integration solutions, and IBM introduced WebSpan, a new SaaS integration platform.WebSpan combined the Hubspan on-demand integration platform and IBM WebSphere integration software into a single platform. It also entered into an agreement with Intuit to deliver Intuits accounting software through cloud services. Growing demand for cloud services will facilitate the companys revenue and market share growth in coming years. Positive outlook for healthcare IT spending The worldwide healthcare IT spending is forecast to grow in coming years. The healthcare industry is forecast to record over 2% growth in 2009. The increase is driven by healthcare public funding. For instance, in the US, the new government under the leadership of Mr. Obama passed a legislation to spend more than $170 billion in federal healthcare for childrens health coverage, public insurance programs for the poor, health IT and disease research. Further, the US national healthcare expenditures, which are the highest in the world, are expected to grow an average of 6.2% every year from 2008 to 2018, according to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Additionally, China also announced its intention to spend about $123 billion by 2011 on universal health care for its people. IBM is one of the leading providers of IT solutions. Further, the company has been positioning itself to take advantage of the growing healthcare spending. In April 2009, IBM announced its intention to add a significant financing component to its extensive efforts towards the development of technology solutions related to the US economic stimulus. IBM Global Financing intends contribute up to $2 billion to finance IT initiatives in economic stimulus areas. In February 2009, IBM launched a new suite of healthcare information sharing and analytics technologies at the Guang Dong Hospital of International Business Machines Corporation Page 8  © Datamonitor International Business Machines Corporation SWOT Analysis Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), combining the strengths of TCM and Modern Western Medicine (MWM). IBM offers CHAS (Clinical and Health Records Analytics and Sharing), which was designed to enable the sharing of electronic medical records that incorporates TCM and MWM data across the hospital network. Subsequently, in May 2009, IBM opened a Healthcare Industry Solution Lab in Beijing, China to work with hospitals and rural medical cooperatives to address the Chinese governments healthcare reform. The companys constant efforts in a growing health care IT market would ensure steady revenues for its healthcare practice in coming years. Steady growth in IT outsourcing The outsourcing market is forecast to growth despite the economic slowdown in near term. The demand for IT outsourcing would grow in 2009, as organizations try to outsource their non-core operations, and existing players try to find better deals. For instance, in 2008, over 75% of the outsourcing deals announced where new, while remaining were expansions and renewals. IBM is one of the leading providers of outsourcing services. The company will be benefitted from the growth in IT outsourcing in near term. The worldwide demand for various IT products of the company are forecast to contract in near term. The recession in developed economies in North American and Europe, as well as Japan and worldwide slowdown in economy, has resulted in slowdown in demand for IT market. In the US, turmoil in the financial markets, very weak housing market indicators and negative consumer sentiments, has resulted in its real GDP growth to decline from 2% in 2007 to 1.1% in 2008. Further, the GDP of the US is forecast to contract by 2% in 2009. Additionally, the GDP growth rate of the UK, which declined from 3% in 2007 to 0.7% in 2008, is forecast to contract by 2.8% in 2009. The Japanese economy, which entered recession in 2008 by rep orting GDP contraction of 0.3%, is forecast to report a decline of 2.6% in its GDP for 2009. This condition created challenging business environment, resulting in contraction of IT spending. For instance, the worldwide IT spending in 2009 is forecast to decline by approximately 4% from 2008. More importantly, IT hardware segment is forecast to report highest decline of all the segments. The IT hardware market is forecast to contract by approximately 15% in 2009 over 2008. IBM is one of the leading providers of IT solutions in the world. The economic uncertainties also affected the companys revenues in the first quarter of FY2009 were. IBMs total revenues reached a value of $21.7 billion in the first quarter of 2009, a decrease of 11% over first quarter of 2008. International Business Machines Corporation Page 9  © Datamonitor International Business Machines Corporation SWOT Analysis Contraction in end markets will continue to affect the company, as customers postpone their capital and replacement decisions. Intense competition IBM is facing intense competition from several large players. In the consulting and outsourcing industry, the company faces stiff competition from Accenture, Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC) and Hewlett Packard (HP). Further, it also competes with the Indian IT services companies, such as Wipro Technologies, Infosys and Satyam Computer Services. In the application infrastructure software business, IBM faces competition from Oracle, Sun Microsystems and Microsoft. In the market for servers, IBMs position is challenged by HP, Sun Microsystems and Dell. Further, consolidation in the IT industry further intensified the competition. Significant consolidations in recent times, include Oracles acquisition of BEA Systems; SAP acquisition of Business Objects; and HPs acquisition of EDS. Moreove r, Oracle entered into definitive acquisition agreement to acquire Sun Microsystems in April 2009. Further, most of these acquisitions extended the capabilities of acquirers into new areas as well as enhanced their scale. Intense competition may affect the operating performance and market share of the company Corporate strategy Leading provider of IT services IBM is one of the leading providers of IT services. IBM is the world leader in middleware and the second-largest software company overall. IBM is the market leader in information management software, all application integration and middleware categories, instant messaging software for corporations, portal software, and systems management and systems operations software. IBM is a major IT operations management software provider. The company is one of the leading players in consulting services market segment. With approximately 398,455 employees globally, the companys offerings include business transformation services, consulting, systems integration, application management services, infrastructure, outsourcing, system maintenance and web hosting, among others. IBM is among the prominent players in the server and storage devices market, as well as leads in supercomputers market. Moreover, the company also has strong brand recognition. Its was ranked second on the list of top 100 Best Global Brands ranking in 2008, by Interbrand, a brand consultancy. International Business Machines Corporation Page 5  © Datamonitor International Business Machines Corporation SWOT Analysis Leading position in the industry enhances the companys brand image and competitive position. Strong RD capabilities IBM has developed strong research, development and engineering (RD) capabilities.The company annually spends approximately $6 billion on RD, focusing its investments on high-growth, high-value opportunities. The companys investments in RD were over 15% of its combined hardware and software revenue in FY2008, 2007 and 2006. Its investments in RD also result in intellectual property (IP) income of approximately $1 billion annually.The companys RD expenditure was $6,337 million, $6,153 million and $6,107 million, respectively, in FYs 2008, 2007 and 2006. Its RD investments in 2008 were in scientific research and the application of scientific advances to the development of new and improved products and their uses, as well as services and their application. Moreover, its RD has enabled it to receive more US patents than any ot her company in 2008, for the 16th consecutive year. In 2008, it also became the first company to achieve over 4,000 patents in a year. The companys RD investments has also resulted in major product launches including next-generation System z mainframe; virtualization, could computing and energy efficient solutions. Additionally, the company complemented its organic investment with strategic acquisitions. For instance, its strategic acquisitions of Cognos and Telelogic have extended its middleware capabilities. Further, the acquisition of ILOG in December 2008 added significant capability across IBMs entire software platform and its existing rules management offerings. Strong RD capabilities provide a competitive advantage to the company. Continuous improvement in profitability IBM continues to improve its profitability over the years.The company has been strategically focusing on increasing its profitability in recent years by focusing on highly valu e businesses, while divesting commoditized businesses such as personal computers and printing solutions. As a result, its operating and net profit margins improved from 11.2% and 7.8%, respectively, in 2004 to 16.5% and 11.9%, respectively, in 2008. This also allowed the company to improve its Return on Equity (RoE), Return on Capital Employed (RoCE), and Return on Assets (RoA) from 23.6%, 15.1% and 6.7%, respectively, in 2004 to 58.8%, 25.5% and 10.7%, respectively, in 2008. By contrast, the companys major competitors reported either lower margins or lower returns. For example, HP reported operating and net profit margins of 8.9% and 7%, respectively, in 2008; Dell reported operating and net profit margins in FY ended February 2009 of 5.2% and 4.1%, respectively; EMC (10.6% and 9.4%); and Accenture (11.6% and 8%). The RoE, RoCE and RoA of HP stood at 21.5%, 17.3% and 8.3%, respectively; EMC stood at 10.5%, 8.4% and 5.8%, respectively. IBMs continuin g improvement in profitability enhances its investors confidence, as well as allows it to invest in growth avenues.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Classical Sculpture of the Greeks a Journal Review. Free Essays

Article Review; â€Å"What is ‘Classical’ Sculpture† by Walter R. Agard Jakob Mattern HUM 2220, prof. Warner Ph. We will write a custom essay sample on Classical Sculpture of the Greeks: a Journal Review. or any similar topic only for you Order Now D. Th, 6:00pm-8:45pm Word Count: 1102 The word ‘classic’; used to describe styles of music, painting, sculpture, architecture, and even manufactured consumer goods. If ever there was a period in art or manufacturing that stands out with even balance, subtle dignity, and general excellence, it will most likely be described as classical, which after all, is no easy feat, considering that anything to bear the â€Å"classical† name is decidedly, in some way or another, â€Å"The best of the best. According to Walter R. Agard however, the word has lost some of it’s gusto. He states that it is so overused that it no longer describes whether or not something is in-fact excellent, but rather, if a piece fits into a time frame and location that suggests that it most likely is. Just as all cars produced between 1900 and 1972 in America are not necessarily classics, not every piece of art created in the broad history of Greeks should be considered a true classic. Rather, Agard places forth his guidelines and examples of what should classify ancient Greek art, sculpture in particular, as the best of it’s time. The details of Agard’s argument rest upon the structured guidelines he lays out in the beginning of his article; that to be classical, a Greek sculpture must have: The initial concept of a healthy human form. The synthesis of naturalism and clearly defined, relatively simple design. The amplification of essential planes. Refinement of detail. He also suggests that classical style sculpture took prominence between the years 500 BCE and 420 BCE, thus dismissing some of the earlier geometric style sculpture, as well as the later more expressionistic and complicated Hellenistic sculpture. He states that while some later sculptures may be more magnificent to behold, they are not embodying that which makes something a classic, and that they are not fulfilling the nature of the aterials or the monumental purpose of sculpture. Marble is not a soft substance, and thus, the shapes created out of it’s dense composure must follow suit, according to Agard. While the presence of fine details are very necessary, he states that the overall action of the piece must be graceful, direct, noble, and strong; the sculpture must follow the ancient Greek adage, â€Å"Know thy self† to be a classic, it must appear just as powerful and eternal as the marble itself. This quality is found in the many sculptures that he analyzes in his article; the weight bearing Hermes, the tower-like Apollo, and the tensioned Heracles all display a living strength that compliment the nature of the marble. Agard also places a great deal of importance on the healthy human form, and the presence of subtle naturalism expressed through fine details. In every piece defined classic by Agard, we find a being that, while possessing a basic and strong geometric base, is also defined by many smaller details that synthesize simple design with an idealistic human form. The curls in Hermes’ beard and hair, the subtle veins and ligaments of the Charioteer’s hands and feet, the calm and confident gaze of Apollo, and the bulging muscular details found on the statues of the bow wielding Heracles and the lightning lobbing Zeus all add a life-like element to the otherwise cold geometric shapes, and help to portray each character as a healthy and idealistic human being in both mind and body. For his closing statement, Agard mentions an encounter he once had with a tourist who was frustrated with how â€Å"sure of themselves† the classic Greek statues seem to be. He then refutes that they have the right to do so, simply because of the rich value and dignity confined in their strong and noble bodies, and that it was this spirit that make these statues honest and true classics of the ancient world. As a whole, I do agree with Agard in his viewpoints and conclusions of what a true classic should consist of. Referring once more to automobiles, it is my view that for a car to be classic it must combine simple design with beautiful details while still fulfilling the function for which it was designed with full effect. With respect to Agard’s definitions, the formula of classic sculpture should not be far from such ideals. I thought that Agard’s affinity towards the nobility and strength of the designs was well founded, because although a statue is undoubtedly a work of art, it is also a permanent public speaker of a city’s people. These strong and idealistic statues may very well have served as an ego-booster for the ancient Greeks; their solid forms and endless wisdom meant to personify the people dwelling in the polis itself. If anything however, it was this ego that catapulted these ancient people to such great heights in terms of sophistication and achievement, so while some later sculptures may have captured more emotion or better expressed the human condition, it was the dignified, strong, and direct sculptures from 500-420 BCE that best embodied the golden age of Greece. There were a few points with which I disagree however. The selection of the Statue of Hermes, firstly. Although it is a good combination of geometric driven balance and fine detail, I felt that over all it was simply not naturalistic enough to be considered a perfect synthesis of the human form and simple design. It is an impressive statue none-the-less, but it seemed a bit rudimentary compared with the other examples, a bit too two dimensional. Another idea with which I don’t completely agree is the classification of two dimensional friezes with linear backdrops as the only true classical form of the frieze. Once again, It seemed to me that a frieze with a more shallow appearance did not coincide with some of the other mentioned sculptures bursting with depth and life. While the drapery of the frieze depicting Heracles and Athena was beyond impressive, the naturalism of the characters themselves did not seem to reach the same heights as some of the other pieces. In any matter however, I believe that Agard compiled an excellent definition of what a classic statue should be defined as, what it should personify, and what it’s function should be, compared with the common ideal that nearly every statue from ancient Greece should be considered classical. His analysis of each sculpture was extremely thorough, and as a whole, his article gave some insight into what exactly these ancient artisans may have been thinking of when they shaped these masterpieces. Bibliography Agard, Walter R. â€Å"What Is â€Å"Classical† Sculpture? † The Classic Journal, Vol. 49, No. 8 (May, 1954): pp. 341-349. Print. How to cite Classical Sculpture of the Greeks: a Journal Review., Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Poetry and society Essay Example For Students

Poetry and society Essay It is summer who has oerbrimmed their clammy cells. The m sound of the last line adds to the humming effect of the blissfully ignorant bees. The tactile quality of clammy cells of the bees sounds dank and damp. The abundant and excessive quality so freely welcomed by the reader now begins to become slightly oppressive. The mood and atmosphere of the poem changes in the second stanza. The richness of the seasons creativity and vitality in the previous stanza gives to a more docile, passive, indolent feeling. It opens with a rhetorical question, who hath not seen thee amid thy store? This is used to draw the reader into the poem and into the wonder of autumn. Therefore it becomes a universal experience as well as a personal one. There is a sense that time has moved on. The crops and fruit so richly described in stanza one have been harvested, suggested by store. Lethargic An imaginary and mythical figure of autumn enters the poem at this stage. Stanza one deals predominantly with the effect of nation and her fruition, with little regard to the human world. The exception being the, vines that round the thatch-eves, which is not a natural occurrence bur a product of ordered rooting. While stanza two sees the domestication of nature by man. This deified form of the season is shown in several appropriate autumnal locales and positions. The carefree mood of the stanza is enforced by the image of autumn, sitting careless on a granary floor, The coarse texture of words like granary and floor mirrors the sound giving at once a tactile a well as aural experience. The next image gives the impression of weariness and suggests tiredness. Autumn has taken up the role of a reaper who has been toiling, but is now tired, leaving it half-reapd. The heavy syllables in furrow and sound produces a soporific effect, which leads to the apposite image of figure asleep. As with clammy, in oozings Keats once again uses diction, which conveys both pleasant and unpleasant sensations simultaneously. The word insinuates a sweet abundance, but also syrupy sickness, which is quite unsettling. The images within this stanza are motion less. They have a photographic and pictorial quality about them. This creates a mood of serenity, where the activity ends and the time for reflection begins. This reflection is realised in the final stanza. By opening with a double rhetorical question, where are the songs of spring? Ay, where are they? Keats considers the transience of all things natural. The elongated vowel sounds in the second question suggest a nostalgic and almost melancholic feeling. The Ay can be read as a lamented sigh to signify a regret for what has passed. The vitality of youth and rebirth and the sensual qualities of springtime now seem a fading memory. However, in the next line he rejects this nostalgia and disregards the more celebrated songs of spring, reassuring the waning autumn that her music is no less equal or inferior in beauty. The implicit authorial intrusion indicates passion felt by the poet in needing to defend autumn. The inclusion of the music of the seasons in the introducing this stanza establishes the principal sensory appeal for it: aural imagery, which enables the reader to hear what is being described. The early morning mist of stanza one has clearing by the maturing sun and through the passing of time indicated by the repetition of hours we find ourselves with the rosy hue of the sunset. Line 25 has a paradoxical and almost enigmatic quality, centred bloom. The spring-like nostalgia of the word, which begins life, is placed besides an image of culmination, the soft-dying day. This creates a tension, which constructs doubts within the reader as to the true feeling of the speaker in the poem. .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c , .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c .postImageUrl , .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c , .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c:hover , .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c:visited , .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c:active { border:0!important; } .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c:active , .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ue0b4af863ab437695ad651eaefeb8e4c:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Roll Of Thunder Hear My Cry EssayThe harvest has been collected and the hyphenated description of stubble-plains has a tinge of sadness and loneliness. This image of alienation in coloured by the twilight of setting sun, which produces a rosy hue. This sadness is vocalised by the wailful choir of small gnats as they mourn. They are grieving a sense of loss for the passing of the season. Allen, R. E. ed. The Oxford Concise Dictionary of Current English (eighth edition) Wu, Duncan. Romanticism: An Anthology (Second Edition). Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers1994.

Thursday, March 26, 2020

Truearth Health Foods free essay sample

Background Gareth DeRosa founded TruEarth Health Foods in 1993 in St. Louis, Missouri when he saw a rapidly growing demand for gourmet sauces and pastas made from whole grains and natural, better quality ingredients. TruEarth took an informal approach to product development using their test kitchen to develop new products through intuition, then releasing limited-edition variations to test market new products. They eventually developed a four step process for research and development where new ideas would be screened and tested their limited focus groups. Promising products would then be put through a quantification of volume test process using the Nielsen BASES Iamp;II, (Rangan amp; Yong, 2009). In late 2004 TruEarth developed a product to take advantage of the latest trend in home meal replacements. They came up with the Cucina Fresca line of whole grain precooked pasta and sauces. These products were put through the Nielsen BASES Iamp;II and based on the findings the company decided to go to market with them. We will write a custom essay sample on Truearth Health Foods or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The Cucina Fresca line was rolled out in 2006. Their pasta line was successful at utilizing first mover advantage and quickly gained the lead in that market segment. However, a year later, their main competitor, Rigazzi Brands, introduced its own whole-grain fresh pasta, which has been successfully competing for market share ever since. TruEarth Healthy Foods is now looking at a healthy, whole-grain refrigerated pizza kit. They have already tested and developed whole-grain pizza kit with a line of separate topics. The pizza kit would price eight dollars but the additional topping packs at $3. 50 each, (Rangan amp; Yong, 2009), making a standard one topping pizza $11. 50 each. In order for this product to be successful, Cucina Fresca will need to correctly calculate sales volume and consumer acceptance of this product and whether the projected penetration rate will result in a first mover advantage. Market Comparison Cucina Fresca has a product penetration rate of approximately 5% to 15% of fresh pasta market. While this is a good comparison to use when launching another fresh pasta or similar product, the pizza market they would be competing with, includes a large volume of frozen pizza producers and even larger volume of takeout pizza chains. The choices consumers have in the pizza market far outweigh the choices they have in the fresh pasta market. A few more of the hurdles to get over are relative price, competition, and the fact that pizza is far from being considered healthy food choice. The high price of $11. 50 for the equivalent of a small one topping pizza made fresh and delivered from a local pizza shop. At the high price of $11. 50 they will not likely retain first mover advantage for long enough to regain their return on investment. Even if it did catch on at that price, it would not take long for their many competitors to imitate the product and dilute market share. In addition to that is the fact that Stouffers lean cuisine already has several â€Å"healthy conscious† pizzas, launched as early as 2005. (leancuisine. com) Theres also the fact that pizza has always been considered an indulgence and not a healthy meal choice. Well it is true that according to the survey results in Exhibit 10 of the Rangan amp; Yong article, that as many as 79% of existing Cucina Fresca customers definitely or probably would buy their home grain pizza product, that may not be the best data to rely on. It is easier to retain customers and to go out and get new ones, (Kotler amp; Keller, 2009). However, the result may be that existing Cucina Fresca customers simply substitute the pizza for the pasta product they wouldve already bought. Similar to the marketing plan for Diet Pepsi, the idea is not to attract current Pepsi users to Diet Pepsi, but to attract other diet cola users to Diet Pepsi. Otherwise there would be no overall boost in revenue for TruEarth Health Foods. Conclusion I do believe it is a good idea for TruEarth Health Foods to launch the whole-grain pizza, but maybe not on a large scale that they had originally planned. I do not believe the massive marketing campaign would result in a sustainable first mover advantage. However, since the retooling of their factory would be minimal and the additional options for their existing customers would not likely result in a loss of revenue, it may be a better idea to hold off on watching the product, but not hide their intent on developing a product. This may cause the competition to rush toward developing a similar product and shoulder all the costs associated with becoming the first mover. TruEarth Health Foods could then use second over advantage and enjoy the free ride by their competition, most likely Rigazzi Brands. References: Kotler, P. , amp; Keller, K. L, (2009), 5th Ed. A Frame Work For Marketing Management. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River NJ Rangan V. , Yong S. 2009, â€Å"TruEarth Healthy Foods:Market Research for a New Product Introduction† Harvard Business School Publishing. Taken From JWMI 2012 Stouffer’s Lean Cuisine Website:2012 http://www. leancuisine. com/Products/Details. aspx? ProductID=10510

Friday, March 6, 2020

Male Domination In Othello Essays

Male Domination In Othello Essays Male Domination In Othello Paper Male Domination In Othello Paper Male domination in society is a stigma, which has always existed, and one that may not cease to exist. However, the difference does exist in the way the women of the different ages chose to accept such behaviour and render themselves victims of such circumstance. In relation to the Elizabethan period, and having the characters of Desdemona, Emilia, and Bianca in mind it can be true to say it may have been harder for them not to accept it than it is today. In reality, it was not even noticed by some of the women and for the few who noticed it, they could do nothing more than accepting it as their fate and trying to live with it. In discussing the victimisation of the above named women in this male dominated society, both sides of the argument for each character would be explored with emphasis on their individual struggles for independence. The fair warrior Desdemona as referred to by her husband Othello undoubtedly struggles throughout the play. From her struggle for independence from her father Brabantio, to the struggle for her life from her husband Othello. Shakespeare seems to deceive the audience to think that Desdemona may be one of his unique female characters who fight for the rights of women. However, this power which we see her possess at the beginning of the play as she tells her father that she did love the moor to live with him, to the ones which has been endowed on her as she is referred to as the general gradually fades away. The first indication of Desdemonas victimisation in this male dominated society is evident when Iago refers to her body as if it was the property of Brabantio. He says to him your heart is burst, you have lost half your soul, even now, now, very now an old black ram is tupping your white ewe. This signifies that in the Elizabethan society, Brabantio like other fathers considered Desdemonas body and life to be their full possession. Furthermore, the use of an animal imagery to describe her white ewe does not only reflect Iagos underestimation of human nature but the degradation of women in the society by men. This is clearly the case for the fact that he could say it while talking to her father. Desdemona on the other hand, like almost every other woman in the Elizabethan period seems to have accepted the convention that women are inferior to men and are the properties of either her father or husband. This is shown when she says I do perceive here a divided duty. I am hitherto your daughter. But heres my husband. The audience would initially admire her bravery towards her father, but after getting a deeper understanding of the plot, it becomes evident that her marriage to Othello was not a sign of freedom but rather a change from one dominator to another. Desdemonas suffering and humiliation in Cyprus is deeply rooted in the villainous actions of another man called Iago. Iago convinces Othello that Desdemona is making him a cuckold by sleeping with Cassio. She suffers from this false accusation because it is a world dominated by men. It is possible that Othello takes Iagos words over that of Desdemona not because he is truly convinced that she is unfaithful, but because it is a word of a man over that of a woman. Desdemona just like Hero in the play Much Ado about Nothing shows total submissiveness even at the point of death. Even after receiving a very undeserving slap from Othello in public, all she says is I will not stay to offend you. At this point, the women in the audience may feel more embarrassed and less sympathetic at the timidity of Desdemona. Desdemona voices out her pains through the willow song that she narrates to Emilia. Her reference to her mothers maid called Barbary who died singing it signifies not just her own pain and suffering but one that has been passed down from generation to generation. Regardless of Desdemonas eventual defeat as she dies in the hands of Othello, she does deserve some credit for some of her few acts of bravery. Her rebellion against her father is an act that may not have been very common during the Elizabethan period because the fathers had the right to discipline them when they deemed it fit and virtually had power over them. She did not only get married out of her fathers will but she married an African. This would have been extremely rare especially for someone of her social class. Finally, as she passes out her last response to Emilia when being asked who killed her I myself shows her refusal to accept to be a victim of this male dominated society. Emilia is used by Shakespeare to balance the contrast between the other victims of this male dominance. That is, Desdemona the very chaste one and Bianca the prostitute. Emilia is one character who is not just a victim of this male dominated society but is clearly aware of her position. This is shown clearly in her relationship and attitude towards her husband Iago and her conversation with Desdemona. Emilias marriage is one we see to lack some of the main components of holy matrimony, as Iago is neither protective nor loving to her. The few dialogues that she has with Iago are filled with scorn and insults. He says to her it is a common thing to have a foolish wife, This shows the standards which the men gave their wives. The use of Emilia by Iago as an instrument for destroying Desdemonas marriage and eventually her death is the peak of her victimisation. This is because it is one thing that she would do anything to stop. Her desperation for attention and affection from Iago may have pushed her to act blindly. On stealing the handkerchief, she says my wayward husband hath a hundred times wooed me to steal it. I know nothing than to please his fantasy Her language is usually in an angry tone and underneath it lies her regret at marriage and all the insults that come with it. In response to Othellos maltreatment of Desdemona she says I will be hanged if some eternal villain, some busy and insinuating rogue, some cogging, cozening slave to get some office have not devised this slander. It seems like she finds it acceptable for her to be victimised but not an in innocent and self-sacrificing person like Desdemona. Like Beatrice in Shakespeares Much Ado about nothing, Emilia justifies the case for the women who are involved in extra marital affairs. This is clearly shown in her speech while discussing with Desdemona. Critics have called this speech the renaissance plea to womens liberation. In this speech, she says it is the husbands fault that their wives cheat on them. She systematically points out each of the things which the women have to go through. From when husbands slack their duties by pouring our treasures in foreign laps, break out in peevish jealousies, throwing restraint upon us or when they strike us. This feminine speech is like a cry out for all women and one can imagine the relief and pleasure, which it would have given the women in the audience. Through this Shakespeare shows empathy for the women. He also indirectly cautions the men in the audience and tells them that the women have as much reason as they do to cheat on them. It is no mistake that Emilia , like her mistress is killed by her husband. Shakespeare emphasises the point that they are victims of this male dominated society by juxtaposing their deaths. Prior to Emilias death, she ensures that she speaks defends Desdemonas chastity and regains her dignity by exposing Cassio to Othello. She says I will speak as liberal as the north;let Heaven and the men and devils, let them all cry shame against me yet I will speak. The use of the word men just between Heaven and devil suggests that some of the men like Cassio and lodovico may possess heaven like characters while others like Iago and Othello may act devilish. Bianca seems to be less of a less of a victim in this society if compared to Emilia and Desdemona. At the end of the plot, she is the last woman standing and the chances are that her status would be elevated in the society if all goes well in her relationship with Cassio. Although it can be said that her profession gives her more insults than Emilia and Desdemona would have ever received. However, it would be unfair to assume that it would be a womans desire to sell her body and dignity for money. For this reason, we can say that she is forced into this circumstance. In a society where men saw women as nothing more than instruments of satisfying their bodily pleasures, prostitution was one of the very desperate measures which the very less privileged women would have to take up. This generates insults not only from the men but also from her fellow woman. Emilia says to her O fie upon thee strumpet! Her reply to this statement gains the sympathy of the audience as it indicates her struggle to be tagged as something beyond what she does. She says to her I am no strumpet, but of life as honest as you that thus abuse me. On a deeper note, this may also be a confirmation of Iagos suspicion that Emilia may have had an affair with Othello. Bianca also has her time of rebellion when she tells Cassio if youll come to supper tonight,you may;if you will not, come when you are next prepared for. In this statement, she shows that she perceives a little power left in her possession regardless of how she is looked at in the society. Cassios exit to run after her emphasises this point. And this may cause the audience to look at her with a little more respect. Ultimately, Shakespeare exposes the circumstances which the women in the Elizabethan period faces and also presents it in a way which shows his opposition to it. Furthermore, his use of these three characters who are of different social standings illustrates that no woman was free from being victimised in this male dominated society.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Cystocele, Rectocele, and Vaginal Prolapse Essay

Cystocele, Rectocele, and Vaginal Prolapse - Essay Example Vaginal prolapse on the other hand resembles a hernia for there is protrusion of part of the abdominal or pelvic contents through an aperture in the supporting structures. Protrusion takes place between the two levatores ani and, in more severe cases, through the orifice of the vagina when vaginal prolapse occurs (Hamilton-Fairley, D., 2004). Signs and Symptoms: The commonest complaints are feeling of fullness of the vagina, a lump coming down, a dragging sensation or bearing down in the back or lower abdomen, vaginal discharge due to congestion of the cervix, an ulcer of the ectocervix or cervical ectropion, and a bloodstained discharge may occur if there is ulceration. Difficulty with coitus may be experienced if the cervix protrudes or is greatly elongated. Urinary symptoms include frequency of micturition. This is common and is often daytime only. Nocturnal frequency may be present if there is added cystitis. Some patients may have urgency of micturition due to weakness of the bladder sphincter mechanism and urge incontinence may occur in some cases. There may be difficulty in emptying the bladder completely and the woman may find she has to push the prolapse up with a finger to complete the act of micturition. Complete retention of urine may follow urethral overstretch. This may be associated with stress incontinenc e. Many women with prolapse complain of constipation, and this may be due to difficulty in emptying the rectum completely because it bulges into the vagina. Others notice discomfort on sitting on a firm surface; the vaginal wall over the rectocoele can bulge down between the labia. With age, the labia become atrophic and less protective and the prolapsed vagina is exposed to trauma when sitting on hard surfaces (Hamilton-Fairley, D., 2004). A cystourethrocoele is usually obvious and the distance from the introitus to the bulge can be measured using a special ruler. The woman is asked to cough and any leakage of urine and/or descent of the cervix is noted. As the speculum is withdrawn any posterior vaginal wall prolapse can be noted. Where there is a complaint of stress incontinence, examination is best made with some urine in the bladder; the urethra and bladder neck may then be supported with two fingers to demonstrate that this maneuver controls the incontinence (Hamilton-Fairley, D., 2004). Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures: Stress incontinence must be distinguished from other causes of incontinence of urine such as urge incontinence and incontinence due to neurological disease. General examination should include fitness for surgery. Abdominal examination should be performed to exclude an intra-abdominal mass. Manual pelvic examination or ultrasound should exclude a pelvic mass and delineate the size of the uterus and ovaries if present. If prolapse is not evident, even with a Valsalva manoeuvre, the patient should be examined in the upright position. It is important to reproduce the symptoms and signs with which the patient presents. If a woman has significant urinary symptoms, urodynamics may help define the cause of the symptoms, which will enable the gynaecologist to give some prognosis for treatment. Hence, if urodynamics